Under a standard procedure, a residence permit (RP) is a prerequisite for obtaining Russian citizenship. In accordance with the Russian law, a foreigner with a residence permit must have lived in Russia for at least five years to be eligible to apply for Russian passport. However, these residence terms do not apply to a foreigner, who:
- Has a parent who is a citizen of the Russian Federation;
- Was born on the territory of the Russian SFSR and had the citizenship of the former USSR;
- Has been married to a Russian citizen for at least three years;
- Is disabled and has an adult child, a citizen of the Russian Federation.
A full list of conditions can be found in the Federal Law “On Citizenship of the Russian Federation”. There are also programs that allow to apply for Russian passport in a simplified manner: voluntary resettlement of compatriots and native Russian speakers.
Russian language program
If a foreigner is fluent in Russian, he/she can in some cases acquire the status of a native Russian speaker and apply for Russian passport in the future. To take part in the program, you must pass a special exam, submit proof of your ancestors living on the territory of the Russian Federation or the RSFSR, and renounce your existing citizenship. If the above conditions are satisfied, the foreigner receives a residence permit as Russian native speaker, and later acquires a Russian passport after receiving a decision of relinquishing existing citizenship. At the same time, in accordance with the Russian migration legislation, foreigners from Ukraine do not need to wait for such a decision. Therefore, if a Ukrainian citizen is looking for the fastest way to obtain Russian citizenship, they should consider the following program.
Voluntary resettlement of compatriots
In accordance with program provisions, foreigners who speak Russian and were educated in the traditions of Russian culture have the right to file an application at the Russian consulate in their country of residence to participate in the program and provide necessary documents to obtain a temporary residence permit for resettlement on the specified constituent territory of the Russian Federation, as well as obtain the certificate of participation in the program. After moving to the selected region, a foreigner has the right to receive government assistance to settle in a new place, and apply for Russian passport after three years. It is important to know that not all constituent territories of the Russian Federation participate in the program. Thus, the resettlement in Moscow, Moscow Region and St. Petersburg is not an option. A complete list of regions participating in the program, including the detailed information about the procedure, can be found on the website of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
How to get Russian citizenship for children
In addition to the above procedures, minors can be granted citizenship in a simplified manner if one of the parents is a Russian citizen. If that is the case, a child does not require a temporary residence permit or residency. For example, the child of a mother, who is a Russian citizen, can receive Russian citizenship after the father, a foreigner citizen, submits a notarized consent, agreeing to receiving Russian citizenship by the child and submitting necessary documents to the Ministry of Internal Affairs. A child between 14 and 18 years of age will also need to submit a written consent, certified by notary’s signature. The child’s place of birth does not matter in either of cases.
You can find the list of documents and information on filling out the application on the website of the General Administration for Migration Issues of the Ministry of Internal Affairs or send your request to us.
For more information you can read through the government regulation (Federal Law N 62-FZ dated 31.05.2002) or call the OTC Group specialists at +7 (903) 722-44-24.